Also called the Discovery Expedition, the expedition aimed to carry out scientific research and geographical exploration in tandem. The expedition was championed by Clements Markham, the then president of the Royal Geographical Society, who also promoted the Antarctic career of Robert Falcon Scott.
The expedition left Britain in the ship ‘Discovery’ in August 1901. During the expedition Scott made the first balloon ascent in the Antarctic and set out to cross the Great Ice Barrier. Three men; Captain Scott, Ernest Shackleton and the expedition's junior surgeon, Edward Wilson, travelled south achieving a furthest south point of 82°17'S.
An expedition party also attempted to scale the mountains to the west of McMurdo Sound and discovered the Ferrar Glacier. Scott then struck out onto the Polar Plateau for several weeks but returned to Hut Point to oversee efforts to free the Discovery, which had become trapped in the ice. The expedition was joined in early January 1904 by the relief ships, Morning and Terra Nova, which came equipped with explosives. The expedition party returned home after two years of exploration.
The Terra Nova Expedition, officially the British Antarctic Expedition 1910-1913, set sail from Cardiff on 4th January 1911, with a diverse crew that included volunteers such as recent graduate Apsley Cherry-Garrard and Captain Lawrence Oates, each of whom paid a £1,000 subscription to join the Expedition.
The expedition’s official photographer was Herbert Ponting, you can view his images here. Ponting produced some of the most iconic images ever taken in the Antarctic. and the photographs he took would seal his international reputation.
Herbert Ponting, the official expedition photographer, took a series of iconic photographs of Scott’s expedition. Documenting daily life and the dramatic scenes witnessed by the expeditions crew. These photographs can be viewed here.